(Continued from Part-II)
The feminine aspect of the Mahat Śakti has been modeled through the Nava-Durgā for human practice and realization (https://vedicwaves.wordpress.com/2021/04/28/nava-durga-as-ideal-model-for-the-development-of-women-to-attain-their-natural-full-potential/) in a relatively simple symbolization of the various phases of a woman’s life. The masculine aspect has never been explicitly modeled in the past to the best of my knowledge, although it is no rocket science to imagine it would be the Śiva. Since Śiva form represents the visible world, with infinite diversity, modeling it in a set of fixed formats is difficult, and this perhaps is the explanation of the absence of a symbolic representation of the masculine form. In terms of the Purūṣa and Prakṛti also, the former is defined through the pursuit (in deed a word derived from Purūṣa), which is a lot more uncertain than the Prakṛti even with its diversity. This can be seen reflected in a popular Sūbhāṣita as follows
नृपस्य चित्तं कृपणस्य वित्तं मनोरथः दुर्जन मानवानाम्|
त्रिया चरित्रं पुरुष्यस्य भाग्यं दैवो न जानाति कुतो मनुष्यः||
Nrupasya chittam krupanasya vittam manorathah durjan manavaanaam|
Triyaa charitram purushasya bhaagyam daivo na jaanaati kuto manushyah||
i.e. Even the Devas do not know about a king’s (or a rulers) mentality, the wealth of a miserly person, about the wishes of wicked persons, the way a woman will behave, and what will be the fate of a man. Then how can an ordinary person know about it?
The prediction of the pursuit of unknown which man has more tendency to do, and thus also the consequence of such pursuit certainly is uncertain. Also, the triya that comes from stree is related to sāttvic, rājasic, and tāmasic gunas that women possess simultaneously (remember multi-tasking!), which is by its nature difficult to determine. These are the factors why the uncertainty is associated with these two very important traits men and women possess biologically and psychologically. However, women nevertheless would have more control over their own conduct compared to men, leading to more risk variability men’s life as pointed out in a Harvard Health Publishing article.
Over 15 years ago there were psychological studies conducted on men and women in terms of spatial and navigational skills. It was found that men have higher spatial skills compared to men. What implications would this might have in the lives of men? When men find themselves located in a place be in forest or car they are able to have better sense of their position. This means they will be adept to parking their cars in a given place, or may have a sense of the direction they need to pursue to get out. On the other hand, women have better navigational skills by being able to spot items on the way, thus making them milestones to find their way. Thus, while women may be flexible or appear distracted but their ability to spot items helps in their navigational needs. Men, on the other hand, have sense of directions but the details of getting to a place will have many uncertainties.
Biologically men and women are quite different, beginning with genetic, metabolic, and physiological, that leads to social and cultural behavior, imposed or otherwise. According to Robert H. Shmerling “The uneven playing field for boys starts early. The Y chromosome tends to develop mutations more often than X chromosomes and the lack of a second X chromosome in men means that X-linked abnormalities among boys are not “masked” by a second, normal version. Survival in the womb is also less reliable for male fetuses (for uncertain, and probably multiple, reasons). Developmental disorders are also more common among boys; some of these could shorten life expectancy.”
In addition, the hormonal secretion, including sex hormones (Figure 1), dopamine, serotonin, and oxytocin, which affects mood, behavior, and physiology, are quite different not only in their pattern, but also in their effects. For example, the oxytocin – a social bonding hormone, has positive effect on women whereas somewhat negative effect on men. All this begs the question for the need to utilize the knowledge of ancient India coded in Vedic texts for modern times to create a role model for men.
(to be continued….)
Editorial note – As a complementary to the Indian tradition of Nava-Durg
ā as the ideal role model of girls and women, it is high time that boys also get to be reminded of their potential and possibilities with role models similar to Nava-Durgā. Recently, the Institute of Advanced Sciences, Dartmouth, USA, in collaboration with Kuruom Jankalyan Sansthan in village Kuruom near Ayodhya decided to make a debut program of Ramkathā as the platform to discuss, during April 22 – May 2, 2021, the features and traits of eleven Rudras as Rudra-Manthan for guiding boys in the world to grow and realize their full potential. Rudra-Manthan series of articles continue to explore that possibility to promote a better understanding of the needs and to provide educational support to boys and men.